Global journal of Business and Integral Security 2022-06-15T06:10:23-07:00 GBIS Journal Open Journal Systems <p><img src="" alt="" width="200" height="283" /></p> <h2>About the Journal</h2> <p>Global Journal of Business and Integral Security - GBIS (ISSN 2673-9682 Print, ISSN 2673-9690 Online) is an international, double-blind peer-reviewed, open-access journal published by the Swiss School of Business and Management (SSBM Geneva).</p> <p>GBIS aims to provide a valuable outlet for research and scholarship on management-orientated themes and topics. It publishes articles of of multi-disciplinary and interdisciplinary nature as well as empirical research from traditional and managerial functions. With contributions from around the globe, the journal includes articles across the full range of business, management and integral security disciplines.</p> <p>The journal covers topics in the areas of business, management, finance, corporate governance, corporate security, health security, environmental safety, human resource management, marketing, organizational behavior, organization theory, strategy, technology management, and related areas. </p> <p><strong>Aims</strong></p> <p>The aim of GBIS is to provide a platform where academics and practitioners can present their research in the fields of business, management and integral security. The journal will provide new methods and methodologies for analysis, integration and implementation of business, management and integral security.</p> <h4>Focus and Scope</h4> <p>The journal aims to provide an outlet for research and scholarship on management-related themes and topics. With contributions from around the globe, the journal includes empirical, conceptual and methodological articles across the full range of business and management disciplines, including:</p> <ul> <li>Accounting and Finance</li> <li>Business Economics</li> <li>Business Ethics</li> <li>Corporate Governance</li> <li>Environmental Health and Safety</li> <li>Entrepreneurship &amp; SME managemen</li> <li>General Management</li> <li>Human Resource Management</li> <li>Integral and corporate security </li> <li>Knowledge Management</li> <li>Management Development</li> <li>Marketing</li> <li>Operations Management</li> <li>Organization Theory</li> <li>Organizational Behaviour</li> <li>Public Sector Management</li> <li>R&amp;D Management</li> <li>Research Methods</li> <li>Strategic Management</li> <li>Technology Management</li> </ul> <p>Other themes associated to the above or emerging topics will also be considered. </p> <p>All papers submitted to GBIS are submitted to double-blind peer review. </p> <p><strong>Indexed and Abstracted Information</strong></p> <ul> <li>Academic Journals Database</li> <li>COPAC</li> <li>Electronic Journals Library</li> <li>Elektronische Zeitschriftenbibliothek (EZB)</li> <li>Google Scholar</li> <li>JournalTOCs</li> <li>Ulrich's</li> <li>Universe Digital Library</li> <li>WorldCat</li> <li>ZBW-German National Library of Economics</li> </ul> GENERIC SOCIAL MEDIA STRATEGIES BASED ON THE PROFILES OF THE UK SOCIAL MEDIA USERS 2022-06-15T06:10:23-07:00 Marvilano Mochtar <p>As the COVID-19 pandemic has accelerated the great shift to online shopping in the UK,<br>many UK B2C companies are now interested in developing their social media strategy.<br>Unfortunately, there is a research gap in understanding the UK’s social media users and<br>generic social media strategies that a UK-oriented B2C company can quickly adapt.<br>Therefore, there is a need for a better understanding of the UK’s social media users to<br>develop an effective social media strategy. Hence, this study: i) profiles the UK social<br>media users; ii) provides a guide on the odds of adopting particular social media<br>platforms based on consumers’ demographic and behavioral attributes; and iii) proposes a<br>set of generic social media strategies that B2C companies can quickly adopt. This<br>research will help many B2C firms in the UK engage their target customers better on<br>social media.</p> 2022-06-15T00:00:00-07:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Marvilano Mochtar HOW PLAY FOSTERS CO-CREATION FOR DESIGN-LED INNOVATION 2022-06-15T06:06:44-07:00 Avinash Gautam Jhangiani <p>To navigate the increasingly uncertain business environment, human-centric design and<br>innovation is becoming a necessity. The ability to think creatively and come up with new<br>solutions is needed to thrive in the future. This requires a shift of mindset from scalable<br>efficiency of the industrial age to sustainable creativity of the digital age for corporate<br>India. While change is hard, it need not be painful. What if there was a more intrinsically<br>motivating and nourishing way to deal with change? This thesis explores the potential of<br>play as a catalyst of co-creation for design-led innovation in organizations struggling to<br>accelerate transformation. First, through the qualitative, interpretative research method,<br>the practical implications of infusing play into work for serious organizational outcomes<br>are discussed using four single case studies that cover empathy, vulnerability, divergent<br>thinking, and creative agility – four integral skills for managers and leaders to<br>rehumanize business, build creative confidence and accelerate change using the human-<br>vi<br>centric design process. Second, through the cross-case content analysis, this paper<br>quantitatively identifies key micro-behavioral patterns discovered in the co-creation of<br>play-enabled, design-led innovative solutions from six case studies, that result in building<br>design thinking mindsets. Lastly, the within-case and cross-case analysis are compiled<br>and structured to build a conceptual model of skills, behaviors and mindsets resulting<br>from play-infused co-creation, and key implications are provided for organizations<br>struggling to shift mindset and accelerate innovation in the post-pandemic world.</p> 2022-06-15T00:00:00-07:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Avinash Gautam Jhangiani RICE, IT’S SUSTAINABLE PRODUCTION & MANAGEMENT, KEY TO FOOD SECURITY 2022-06-15T06:03:07-07:00 Laxmikant Parnerkar <p>Food is the basic requirement for all living organisms to live life. Access to sufficient amounts of safe and nutritious food is key to sustaining life and promoting good health. We receive energy from food for varied activities, growth, and all bodily functions such as breathing, digesting meals, and staying warm. But one can observe that there are millions of people who do not possess the basic right to have food. Their inability to buy food has given rise to many problems. Malnutrition, problems relating to physical and mental health. In the year 2020, almost 811 million people worldwide went to bed hungry every night (World Health Organization Report, 2021). The horrifying statistics showcase the figure which increased to 957 million people in 2021 (UN Food Summit Report 2021). The research focuses on finding the solution to end the hunger crisis. The arena of research will revolve around how feeding people rice three times a day can reduce hunger problems and hunger-related stress for individuals and whether feeding people rice three times a day can be proved cost-effective and feasible to be scaled up to a larger scale? One grain, Rice is the sustainable solution for satisfying the hunger is the hypothecation of my research and study. The study will showcase all the aspects concerning the hypothesis. Rice can be consumed as a staple, and additionally, it will be cost-effective. My study and research postulate that based on the availability of the data given by the government and the recognized institutes, the hunger crisis can be cured if rice will be provided as a complete and sustainable meal. The need to consume food can only be stated and understood by those who go to bed hungry. Rice can prove a beneficial effort in reducing the hunger crisis.<br>9 | P a g e<br>As rightly said “One cannot think well, love well, sleep well if one has not dined well.” -Virginia Wolf. (From her book- Room of One’s Own).</p> 2022-06-15T00:00:00-07:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Laxmikant Parnerkar DEVELOPMENT OF MANAGENMENT STRATEGY THROUGH ANALYSIS OF ADOPTION INTENTION AND INFLUENCE FACTORS OF AUTONOMOUS VEHICLES CENTERING ON VALUE-BASED ADOPTION MODELS 2022-06-15T05:57:18-07:00 Minsang Yu <p>This study was conducted to derive business strategies to help commercialize and<br>popularize autonomous vehicles by exploring and demonstrating factors that affect the<br>value and acceptance of autonomous vehicles perceived by potential buyers and future<br>users of autonomous vehicles, one of the state-of-the-art new technologies of the Fourth<br>Industrial Revolution. Under the consciousness and goals of these problems, this study<br>verified the effects of 'perceived benefits', 'perceived sacrifice', 'perceived bias,' and 'the<br>perceived threat' on 'perceived value' and 'adoption intent' through a survey and statistical<br>analysis of general users, referring to the 'value-based adoption model', a representative<br>analytic theory of users' perceived value for new technology, intent of acceptance, and<br>intent for continued use.<br>To this end, the study conducted a survey of 602 users interested in autonomous<br>vehicles, and the collected survey data was conducted using the SPSS States 21.0<br>package program to analyze the frequency of demographic characteristics, analysis of<br>technical statistics of sub-factors and detailed metrics that make up independent and<br>dependent variables, analysis of validity and reliability, and simple and multiple<br>iv<br>regression between independent and dependent variables. The results of the analysis and<br>verification of this study are summarized as follows.<br>By demonstrating in various ways that individual users' perceived benefits and<br>optimistic prejudices against autonomous vehicles have a positive impact on perceived<br>value and adoption intention, while perceived sacrifices and perceived threats have<br>negative effects, this study derived and suggested a user-centered business strategy that<br>can be applied and applied as necessary for the commercialization and popularization of<br>autonomous vehicles. It is hoped that the results and conclusions of this study will be<br>used as valid theoretical and practical guidelines and basic references to help the mid- to<br>long-term development of autonomous vehicles.</p> 2022-06-15T00:00:00-07:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Minsang Yu DIGITAL CURRENCY MANAGEMENT, CIRCULATION AND TAXATION REGIME IN INDIA 2022-06-15T05:39:35-07:00 AMEYA VILAS MUNAGEKAR <p>Money is always of the utmost significance to humanity and the economy. The global economy is persistently revolving around money. Man discovered fiat money through numerous stages, which resulted in many benefits and many drawbacks for humanity at the same time. There is no efficient traceability of dealings in fiat money, which was the prevalent drawback of this invention. It is hypothetically possible for any government to print cash to fill an economic deficit while overlooking the fact that paper money needs to be backed to qualify as a valued currency. Therefore, to avoid further catastrophe, countries should switch from fiat money to digital currency. Digital currency and cryptocurrencies, such as bitcoin, are more likely to prevent fraud, retain better records, and assist people in managing their money more efficiently. Because it is a virtual currency. Digital currency is an excellent solution to address concerns such as the non-traceability of financial transactions and counterfeit transactions, and it has the potential to both increase the tax base and lower the tax percentage at the same time. It is critical to adhere to the components of modern society and to change to improve society. Thus, the research focuses on the future of digital currency, its necessity, its good impacts, and its beneficial effects on the Indian economy and taxation. The study also looks into the circulation, management, and taxation regime of digital currency in India.</p> 2022-06-15T00:00:00-07:00 Copyright (c) 2022 AMEYA VILAS MUNAGEKAR BUSINESS OWNER’S CULTURE ORIENTATION AND SMALL AND MEDIUM-SIZE ENTRIPRISE GROWTH: A LIBERIAN CASE STUDY 2022-04-26T06:17:48-07:00 Aaron Saye Nyanama <p>This study's primary purpose was to determine how business owners' culture<br>orientations influence Small and Medium-size Enterprises Growth in Liberia. The author put<br>forward six hypotheses; corresponding to six of the nine cultural orientations indicated by the<br>GLOBE Study. They are Uncertainty Avoidance, Power Distance, In group Collectivism,<br>Assertiveness, Humane Orientation, and Future Orientation (House et al., 2004). The researcher<br>hypothesized that all of the cultural orientations mentioned above, except uncertainty avoidance,<br>leads to higher growth among SMEs.</p> 2022-04-26T00:00:00-07:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Aaron Saye Nyanama EFFECTIVENESS OF STRATEGY IMPLEMENTATION APPROACHES IN GERMAN MULTINATIONAL COMPANIES IN THE SOFTWARE INDUSTRY: A CASE STUDY OF SAP SE 2022-04-26T06:12:20-07:00 Stela Koleva <p>Various approaches to aiding multinational companies (MNCs) in the strategyimplementation process have been suggested. However, MNCs in the software industry, such<br>as the German company SAP SE, operate in a diverse, dynamic, and challenging environment<br>that can make effective strategy implementation difficult. This study aims to determine which<br>of several strategy-implementation methods is most effective for SAP SE: the commander<br>approach, the organizational-change approach, the collaborative approach, or the cultural<br>approach. The researcher addresses the research questions using qualitative research based on<br>a descriptive research design, collecting primary data from the top managers in SAP SE. A<br>total of 58 participants engaged in the study’s structured questionnaire (n = 51) and interview<br>(n = 7). While the collaborative approach to strategy implementation is dominant, this<br>research shows significant differences in effectiveness between the collaborative approach<br>and both the commander approach (P = 0.022) and the organizational-change approach (P =<br>0.035). Likewise, differences in effectiveness exist between the cultural approach and the<br>commander approach (P = 0.024). This study also describes various challenges in using the<br>highlighted strategy-implementation tactics, suggesting through its outcome that a combined<br>approach best enables managers to address difficulties as they arise. This study suggests that<br>managers of MNCs in the software industry consider adopting a collaborative approach as a<br>means of creating synergy across units and locations. A combined approach could also<br>address the challenges faced during strategy implementation.</p> 2022-04-26T00:00:00-07:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Stela Koleva THE APPLICATION OF MULTI-LEADERSHIP STYLES IN STEERING AN ORGANISATION FROM CRISIS TO BUSINESS EXCELLENCE 2022-04-26T06:06:38-07:00 Isaac Onasis Osei Appiah <p>There are many leadership styles, but this research paper sought to demonstrate<br>how multi- leadership principles (Transformational and Servant leadership) approach<br>could be employed in resolving real life industrial or corporate problems. That could aid<br>in steering an organization from crisis and various organizational changes to business<br>prosperity and excellence. These two leadership styles according to most research works<br>done on them, are superior evolutions of the leadership development theories, very<br>influential and effective in making the requisite positive impact on groups and<br>organizations and hence their consideration. In conducting this research, a combination of<br>mainly qualitative (meetings, calls and interviews) and quantitative (customer satisfaction<br>survey) methods would be employed in a case study approach of a Mining Service<br>Provider, a Laboratory in Africa. The goal of the paper is to investigate, demonstrate and<br>establish that the application of right leadership and its right approach, thereof, is<br>instrumental in solving various organizational challenges and therefore, enabling and<br>ennobling organizational success. The study could increase the knowledge base in both<br>academia and the corporate world. And this study will also further advance research into<br>leadership, especially, in its practical application in business organization for maximum<br>and positive results.<br>The study confirmed that Transformational and Servant leadership strategies were<br>adequate and effective in solving the organization’s problems. The application of the two<br>leadership principles saved the laboratory, a contract amounting to about 3.6 million USD<br>per annum in revenue and the Mine from potentially losing several millions of dollars, up<br>to over 600 million USD per annum in revenue. The multi-leadership application secured<br>the laboratory’s contract, made the Mine very happy and regain confidence in the<br>laboratory. The Mine extended the duration of the contract, increasing sample volumes<br>and scope of testing. At the same time, the multi-leadership style application took the<br>laboratory’s financial fortunes from deep red to deep blue, consistently, continuously, and<br>incrementally. The future financial prosperity of the laboratory looked even more<br>promising.</p> 2022-04-26T00:00:00-07:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Isaac Onasis Osei Appiah THE IMPACT OF HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT PRACTICES ON INCREASING EMPLOYEE PRODUCTIVITY APPLIED ON BAHRAIN WORKPLACE 2022-04-26T06:01:31-07:00 AHMED FAISAL JABOR ALDOSERI <p>The idea of this study was to address a recommendation to increase<br>employee productivity in the Bahraini workplace, by examining the impact<br>of Human Resource Management (HRM) on such increase of productivity in<br>Bahrain’s workplace.<br>An exploration and comparison of HRM practices was carried out using<br>desk research for articles and books on HRM and Productivity as well as<br>interviews with various ranks within the Bahraini work settings.<br>It was found that HRM does have a great impact on productivity and within<br>the Bahraini workplace an understanding of core concepts from the HRM<br>and other theories can be shown to provide successful changes and<br>innovations that will lead to higher productivity.<br>Where employees are treated as human capital and not as a commodity<br>product, highly significant and successful improvements can be achieved.</p> 2022-04-26T00:00:00-07:00 Copyright (c) 2022 AHMED FAISAL JABOR ALDOSERI MODELLING OF J-CURVE AND S-CURVE USING DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS: STUDIES IN ECONOMICS, ENTREPRENEURSHIP AND FINANCE 2022-04-26T05:07:30-07:00 Madhusudan V Atre <p>J-Curve phenomenon, which shows how a system responds to an external influence, is observed in many areas like economics, financial investments, healthcare, etc.<br>We propose a mathematical formulation and framework for the J-Curve in terms of the Riccati differential equation and its associated Laguerre equation. The solutions describing the J-Curve are set up as polynomials similar to the Laguerre polynomials.<br>We give explicit functional forms for the system characteristics if it has to manifest J-Curve behavior and provide physical interpretations of the various terms in the Riccati equation to help understand the characteristics of any system manifesting a J-Curve behavior. We also set up criteria for any curve to be mathematically validated as a J-Curve.<br>The Riccati differential equation is used to describe the S-Curve, which describes the cumulative sales growth or population dynamics. Thus, the Riccati equation is shown to unify the mathematical basis of S-Curve and J-Curve.<br>We analyze five case studies for J-Curve behavior under the defined mathematical framework – a) four parameters of Indian economy are studied from 1960-2020 to validate J-Curve phenomenon post economic liberalization in 1991, b) Internal Rate of Returns for venture investments are proven to exhibit J-Curve, c) long term investments in stock markets are shown to follow J-Curve, d) The GDPs of some countries/regions post the 2007-08 financial crisis are analyzed for J-Curve, 5) GDP of Croatia is shown to exhibit J-Curve post-independence, as well as post global financial crisis.<br>An interesting property of the Riccati differential equation is also shown to explain the pharmacokinetic absorption of medicines in the body.<br>This is the first time 1) a mathematical formalism is set up to define the J-Curve phenomenon, 2) an explicit differential equation is defined for the J-Curve, 3) the functional forms of the system’s inertia, environmental damping, as well as the external influence acting on it are given, 4) explicit equation (polynomials with alternating coefficients) which shows the J-Curve behavior is described, 5) the mathematical conditions any curve has to satisfy if it has to qualify as a J-Curve are highlighted, 6) the S-Curve and J-Curve are both shown to be special cases of the generic nonlinear 1st order Riccati differential equation, 7) functional form of external influence on a system to manifest J-Curve behavior is explicitly discussed in the context of pharmacokinetics, and the functional form of medicine absorption in the body is presented.</p> 2022-04-26T00:00:00-07:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Madhusudan V Atre